Sunday, December 11, 2016

WAYNE MADSEN: The Coming Fracture Of Saudi Arabia

Saudi apostates will wind up paying for their support of Middle East terrorism with their tottering regime  

By Wayne Madsen

The Bible’s book of Galatians, VI teaches, "as you sow, so shall you reap."

Traitor John Kerry with Salman
And for Saudi Arabia, which has overtly and covertly supported rebellions in Libya, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Ethiopia, Philippines, and Lebanon that have led to civil wars and inter-religious strife, the day of reckoning may soon be at hand. The present Saudi king, Salman bin Abdul Aziz, is the last of the sons of the first Saudi king, Abdul Aziz al Saud, who will ever sit on the Saudi throne. After Salman dies, Saudi leadership will pass to a new generation of Saudi royals. But not all the descendants of the first Saudi king are happy about how the future succession may turn out.

Salman named his nephew, Mohammed bin Nayef, as crown prince after firing his half-brother, Mugrin bin Abdul Aziz, as crown prince after the death of King Abdullah in 2015. For good measure, Salman also named his son, Mohammad bin Salman, who is little-known outside the kingdom, as deputy prime minister. The 30-year old Mohammad bin Salman is seen by some as the eventual crown prince after King Salman figures out some way to ease Mohammad bin Nayef, the Interior Minister and close friend of the United States, out of the position of heir apparent to the throne.

More and more power has been concentrated into Mohammad bin Salman’s hands, including control over the Defense Ministry, the Council of Economy and Development, and the Saudi government-owned Arabian-American oil company (ARAMCO). The deputy crown prince and defense minister is the architect of Saudi Arabia’s genocidal military campaign against the Houthi rebels in Yemen and continued Saudi support for jihadist guerrillas in Syria and Iraq, as well as military support for the Wahhabist royal regime in Bahrain in its bloody suppression of the Shi’a Muslim majority population. Mohammad bin Salman is also the major force in Saudi Arabia seeking a military confrontation with Iran.

Aftermath of Saudi bombing in Yemen

There is a schism within the Saudi royal family that has created a real-life "Game of Thrones" within the kingdom. The first Saudi king had between 37 and 44 sons from a harem of 22 wives. One of these sons, 85-year old Prince Talal bin Abdul Aziz, also known as the "Red Prince" for his support for a national constitution and Western-style rule of law separated from Muslim sharia law, is suspicious about the concentration of power in the hands of Salman’s family, which comes at the expense of the other princes with a political claim inside the monarchy. Prince Talal is not alone.

Power in Saudi Arabia has generally resided with the seven sons of King Abdulaziz and Hassa bin Ahmed, which include present King Salman. These sons are commonly known as the "Sudairi Seven." They included the late King Fahd; the late Crown Princes Sultan and Nayef; the former deputy defense ministers Abdul Rahman and Turki and Interior Minister Ahmed, all removed from succession; and King Salman. In addition to the families of the other sons of the Saudi founder, the families of the "Sudairi Six," minus Salman’s family, are intensely jealous of the power being conveyed to deputy Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman. When Salman dies, many observers of secretive Saudi royal politics expect to see a succession battle that might even result in a royal civil war.

And a civil war among competing Saudi royals can easily become one between various Saudi regions. Thus, the fracturing of Libya, Syria, Iraq, and Yemen brought about by Saudi adventurism may come back to haunt the Saudis in a major way.

The first Saudi region that can be expected to take advantage of a Saudi royal family split is the Eastern Region, which is known formally as the Eastern Province and is ruled by Saud bin Nayef, a son of the late Crown Prince Nayef from the provincial capital of Dammam. When King Abdullah died in 2015, Saud bin Nayef was passed over for Crown Prince by his younger brother, Mohammad bin Nayef. Although both brothers are nephews of King Salman, Saud may still harbor a resentment against his uncle for stripping him of the chance to become king. A full-blown Saudi civil war may begin in the Eastern Region, which is not only the center of Saudi Arabia’s oil industry with thousands of expatriate workers, but also the home to what may be either a slim majority or very significant minority of Shi’a Muslims.

The Saudi government has never wanted to conduct a religious census of the country because it might not like the results, especially in the Eastern Province. In 2009, popular Shi’a leader Nimr Baqir al-Nimr was arrested by Saudi authorities for advancing the idea that the Eastern Region should secede from Saudi Arabia. In 2015, amid an international outcry of condemnation for its action, Saudi Arabia executed al-Nimr. Expect the Eastern Region to the first to openly revolt against the Saudi government in the event the current "Game of Thrones" turns into a "War of Thrones."

The next region to revolt against the monarchy would be Asir, the southwest area that borders northern Yemen, in addition to two neighboring Saudi regions. Asir is the home to a significant minority of Zaidi Muslims. The Saudi regime has been waging a genocidal campaign against the Asir Zaidis’ cousins on the Yemeni side of the border, the Houthi rebels, who are also Zaidis.

Saudi forces bomb Sana'a, Yemen

Houthi rebels have launched several military attacks, including missile barrages, on Saudi targets in Asir, as well as the Saudi border regions of Jizan and Najran, in the hope that they might ignite a Zaidi uprising in the southern Saudi regions. There have been reports during the Yemeni civil war that Houthi forces seized, at least temporarily, a few Saudi villages in Asir, Najran, and Jizan. Open rebellions by Zaidis in Asir, Najran, and Jizan, along with a Shi’a rebellion in the Eastern region, may be too much for the Saudi armed forces to handle, especially if it is split along competing allegiances to rival princes and throne claimants.

Intervention in a Saudi civil war by the United States and NATO would be guaranteed to result in a costly outcome for the West in terms of body bags, sabotage of oil installations, and a multi-billion-dollar financial drain. The probability that Yemen would see the restoral of an independent South Yemen and a battle for control of northern Yemen between Houthis and remnants of the Saudi-backed Yemeni government would entail Western troops also engaging in a protracted civil war in another huge chunk of the Arabian Peninsula. Even the most-warlike members of the Donald Trump administration would likely not want to become mired in a major Arabian imbroglio.

Widespread conflict in Saudi Arabia might also result in the regions of Mecca and Medina becoming an independent entity with the primary responsibility of protecting the Islamic holy places and ensuring safe access for Muslim pilgrims. The Organization of Islamic Conference and other non-Wahhabi influenced Islamic organizations may become vehicles by which the two holy cities are governed as a "neutral zone" unaffected by Saudi turmoil and Wahhabist religious radicalism.

Other regions of Saudi Arabia that would likely spin off include the Northern Borders region adjacent to Iraq and Tabuk, which lies along the southern Jordanian border and the Gulf of Aqaba. Tabuk might seek some form of security protection from both Jordan and Israel to remain aloof from armed confrontation between Saudi factions. The Northern Borders region might seek a similar accommodation with Iraq.

Obama, Saudi arming and funding of CIA/ISIS has turned the Middle East into a time bomb
The real battle for control of Saudi Arabia would be mostly centered in Riyadh province, for the keys to the kingdom, or what remains of it, would be found in control of the Saudi capital city of Riyadh. In any event, a Saudi civil war would be best left to the regional actors to sort things out. Any outside intervention would certainly make matters much worse and could develop into a wider regional or world war.

Wayne Madsen

Wayne Madsen
Investigative journalist, author and syndicated columnist, Madsen has over twenty years experience in security issues. 

As a U.S. Naval Officer, he managed one of the first computer security programs for the U.S. Navy. Madsen has been a frequent political and national security commentator on Fox News and has also appeared on ABC, NBC, CBS, PBS, CNN, BBC and MS-NBC. He has been invited to testify as a witness before the US House of Representatives, the UN Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and an terrorism investigation panel of the French government. A member of the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) and the National Press Club, Madsen is based and reports from Washington, D.C.

Obama Decides To Arm Syrian Terrorists Plunging U.S. Into Unwinnable War

The last desperate gasp of a madman determined to spark WWIII with Russia in the final days of his failed criminal regime - with the assistance of CNN    

By Alex Gorka

The Russia-supported operation of the Syrian government forces has almost liberated the second largest city of Aleppo from militants. 

U.S. military now on the brink of mutiny
The victory prompted lame duck President Obama to make a desperate attempt to turn the tide of war.

On December 8, President Barack Obama ordered a waiver of restrictions on military aid for foreign forces and others in Syria. He deemed it "essential to the national security interests" of the US to allow exceptions from provisions of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), which aims to prevent taxpayer money being spent on supporting and arming international militant groups through covert operations and third states.

The memorandum to the US Departments of State and Defense says, "I hereby..determine that the transaction, encompassing the provision of defense articles and services to foreign forces, irregular forces, groups, or individuals engaged in supporting or facilitating ongoing US military operations to counter terrorism in Syria, is essential to the national security interests of the United States."

The president delegates responsibility to the state secretary to work with and report to Congress on weapons export proposals, requiring 15 days of notice before they are authorized. According to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2016, nearly $500 million are allocated to arm and train "moderate rebels" in Syria.

McCain may be back in business

From now on, foreign fighters supporting US efforts in Syria would be excused from restrictions on military assistance once the administration believes "it is essential to the national security." Anyone joining anti-Assad forces can get American arms. 

As State Department spokesperson Elizabeth Trudeau stated, "Even if Aleppo falls, certainly the war is not over. But our position has not changed on that."

The news came against the background of talks held between Russia and US foreign chiefs to address the situation in Aleppo. On December 3 John Kerry passed on to his Russian counterpart the proposal from Washington that was acceptable for Russia.

However, two days later Washington abruptly withdrew it.

"They have withdrawn their document and have a new one. Our initial impression is that this new document backtracks, and is an attempt to buy time for the militants, allow them to catch their breath and resupply," the Russian foreign minister said on December 6. 

It’s an open secret that weapons cannot be prevented from getting into wrong hands. It’s also well-known that the very existence of "moderate opposition" fighting the Syria government is questioned. The move paves the way for trafficking weapons to militants and terrorist groups of all kinds under the false pretense of the fight against Islamic State (IS). US-made weapons, including man-portable anti-air missiles, will spread around the world. They can also be used against American military. 

It brings to memory the last year’s Amnesty International report saying that much of Islamic State equipment and munitions come from stockpiles captured from the US-allied Iraqi military and Syrian rebels.

In June, 2014 the US-made weaponry fell into IS hands including 2,300 Humvee armored vehicles, at least 40 M1A1 main battle tanks, 74,000 machine guns, and as many as 52 M198 howitzer mobile gun systems, plus small arms and ammunition. Today these weapons are being used against the US and allied forces on the ground in Iraq and neighboring Syria. 

Obama supplied weapons now being used to kill U.S. military personnel

Last year, the US government announced the end of the failed program to build an army out of local rebels. After the training was over, the fighters simply went to join the militants groups with the US-made weapons they had been given. 

The efforts to train a projected 5,400 Syrian infantrymen by the end of 2015 ultimately yielded a force of fewer than 60! Most of them were immediately captured or voluntarily surrendered their US-provided equipment to extremist groups.

There has never been an "opposition moderate group" declaring that its prime goal was fighting IS, not Assad. 

And the US government has never provided the entire list of the groups it supports. With that said, there is a great probability that the arms supplied by the US will be used to fight the Syrian government and Russian forces.

The president’s decision would lead to an escalation of the conflict, with the US waging a proxy war against Russia, Syria, Iran and other forces allied with Damascus. The escalation may take place very soon. 

The requirement to give a 15-day notification to Congress will not delay the shipments from European warehouses as Congress is going to be out of session until January. Evidently, the outgoing team is trying to plunge the incoming Trump administration into a deeper commitment to an unwinnable proxy war.

The president’s decision has grave implications. Taking this move at the time Kerry is engaged in talks with Minister Lavrov is like carrying fire in one hand and water in the other. 

CNN, MSM warmongering CIA hacks and shills aid and abet Obama's FSA/ISIS terrorists

The outgoing administration has demonstrated once again it is an unreliable partner not to be trusted. And it has no strategy neither in Syria, nor the Middle East.

This policy can delay the end of the Syria conflict but it cannot change the tide. The overthrow of Syria President Assad looks more like a pipe dream. The extremist groups are on the retreat everywhere in Syria, except Raqqa where the US-led offensive against IS has become a drawn-out operation without any visible success. The same thing applies to the operation to seize the Iraqi city of Mosul.

Obama, Kerry, Carter, Brennan and any congressional representative that approves this madness along with the CNN frauds that assisted them will be held individually responsible and accountable for each and every military death 

There is still enough time to supply militants with weapons till Donald Trump takes office on January 20. His statement give ample reason to believe he will out an end to this kind of military aid but the damage will be done to make Mr. Obama remembered for his "legacy."

This news bureau contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc.  We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.

Fake News? Nobody Does It Better Than CNN

Staring down the barrel of complete exposure and obliteration, the CNN anti-Trump frauds and shills amazingly carry on as if they will survive 2017 - and avoid prosecution for war crimes    

By Robert Bridge

The United States has a curious way of accusing outsiders of carrying out nefarious activities – cyber warfare, international spying and unwarranted aggression, for example – which in fact the US undertakes better than anybody. 

And so it is with the latest bit of Orwellian-speak being hurled at those who would dare contradict the Western narrative with what is being called - drum roll - “fake news.” The Washington Post was recently forced to distance itself from an astonishingly sloppy article that cited research from a little-known group that calls itself PropOrNot. This outfit, the members of which prefer to remain conveniently anonymous, conducted the equivalent of a modern-day Inquisition against 200 websites that, in its opinion, “echoed Russian propaganda.”

I guess it never occurred to these people that this echo effect could mean the whole world is experiencing one giant awakening at about the same time.

In any event, since much has already been written about that preposterous piece, not least of all by Glenn Greenwald and Matt Taibbi, for my own part I will go out on a limb and say we have not heard the end of “fake news” allegations. Not by a long shot. That nagging suspicion was confirmed by an article in ZeroHedge - one of the 200 heretical websites, incidentally, that were dragged over the hot coals in the hit piece.

“On November 30, one week after the Washington Post launched its witch hunt against 'Russian propaganda fake news', with 390 votes for, the House quietly passed 'H.R. 6393, Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017', sponsored by California Republican Devin Nunes (whose third largest donor in 2016 is Google parent Alphabet, Inc), a bill which deals with a number of intelligence-related issues, including Russian propaganda, or what the government calls propaganda, and hints at a potential crackdown on 'offenders.'"

Here’s the really jaw-dropping part of the article: “Curiously, the bill which was passed on November 30, was introduced on November 22, two days before the Washington Post published its Nov. 24 article citing "experts" who claim Russian propaganda helped Donald Trump get elected.”

CNN fraud, Bombay dishwasher Fareed Zakaria unleashes fake news reports on "Russian hacking" of elections

How’s that for coincidence?

U.S. Media's 'Madame Tussauds'

As should be expected, no other collection in the world houses more fabulous forgeries than the US Mainstream Media.

By now everybody knows why Hillary Rodham Clinton lost the 2016 presidential election in a landslide to the billionaire developer Donald Trump. No, it wasn’t because she used her family’s private email server when sending documents marked ‘classified’ during her tenure as US Secretary of State, thus prompting an FBI investigation.

No, it wasn’t because WikiLeaks showed that the Democratic National Committee had worked againstBernie Sanders to ensure Clinton got the royal nod.

No, it wasn’t because former CNN contributor Donna Brazile had fed debate questions to the Democratic candidate.

No, none of these astounding factors, we are patiently, repetitively told, had anything remotely to do with Clinton’s shock defeat. And to believe otherwise would be, well, siding with the Russians. That's right, according to unsubstantiated allegations, Russia “hacking the US elections” was largely responsible for causing Clinton’s sensational defeat. A truly remarkable feat by the cunning Russians, considering that US voting machines are not hooked up to the Internet, and in many cases are tallied by paper ballots.

So what is the proof for these very serious allegations, which have the potential to torpedo US-Russia relations long into the future? Would you believe nothing? To quote that standard bearer of fake-free news, the Washington Post, who in turn is quoting one of those always-convenient anonymous (fake?) officials: “The official cautioned that the intelligence community is not saying it has “definitive proof” of such tampering, or any Russian plans to do so. “But even the hint of something impacting the security of our election system would be of significant concern,” the official said.

There is probably also a "hint" - if we dug deep enough - that some pimply teenager in his suburban New Jersey bedroom is "impacting the security of our election system"instead of doing his homework, but somehow it seems saner and more logical to suggest nuclear-powered Russia is the real hacker.

Go figure.

False Pretexts For Real Wars

On August 2, 1990, after Iraq invaded Kuwait the United States began mobilizing its military set pieces for its first attack against Iraq, which was codenamed Operation Desert Shield. But this would require some heavily applied grease before Main Street would accept it. After all, the American people were never overly anxious about sending its young men and women abroad to free a nation it could not locate on a map (be forewarned Canada and Mexico!).

Therefore, Bush the Elder would need to convince the nation that Saddam Hussein, who not long before was Washington’s staunch ally against Iran, was now the root of all evil and the good people of Kuwait should not have to suffer under such a brutal dictator. Such mental gymnastics are not easy to pull off. So how could Washington drum up support for "liberating" a country – Kuwait - that did not share America’s somewhat misguided notions about democracy, freedom and rock 'n' roll? How could the war appear to be more than an opportunistic move to seize Iraq’s massive oil reserves?

“Every big media event needs what journalists and flacks alike refer to as 'the hook,'" wrote John Stauber and Sheldon Rampton in their book, ‘Toxic Sludge is Good for You.’ “An ideal hook becomes the central element of a story that makes it newsworthy, evokes a strong emotional response, and sticks in the memory.”

So the Bush administration did what any honest government would do in search of a jolly short war: It hired a PR agency, Hill & Knowlton, to invent and sell the jagged little hook. The end product was perhaps the most egregious lie ever told on behalf of war and conquest.

On October 10, 1990, a 15-year-old Kuwaiti girl, known only by her first name of Nayirah, gave a presentation before the UN Human Rights Caucus that was worthy of an Oscar. Crying, she described what she had apparently witnessed in a hospital in Kuwait City. 

Her testimony was passed out in a media kit prepared by Citizens for a Free Kuwait. "I volunteered at the al-Addan hospital," Nayirah said. "While I was there, I saw the Iraqi soldiers come into the hospital with guns, and go into the room where ... babies were in incubators. They took the babies out of the incubators, took the incubators, and left the babies on the cold floor to die."

Incredible? Yes. In fact, too incredible.

What the media failed to inform us - until the marching orders were well under way, of course - was that Nayirah was a member of the Kuwaiti Royal Family, and “H&K vice-president Lauri Fitz-Pegado had coached Nayirah in what even the Kuwaitis' own investigators later confirmed was false testimony,”Stauber and Rampton reported.

Thirteen years later, Bush the Younger, having witnessed first-hand how effective a good lie could be, sold the world a second military campaign in Iraq on the false claim that Saddam Hussein, who really had every reason to despise the Bush Dynasty more than any Democrat, was hoarding weapons of mass destruction.

And woe to the country – like Jacque Chirac’s France - that expressed heated opposition to America's war plans.

The Voice of America captured the wave of media-generated anti-French sentiments in the run up to the outbreak of conflict in March 2003: “The New York Post newspaper ran a doctored front page photo in which the heads of the French and German ambassadors to the United Nations had been replaced with the heads of weasels furry mammals synonymous with treachery and sneakiness. Radio disc jockeys in Atlanta offered listeners the chance to smash a Peugeot automobile with a sledge hammer… One of America's most popular political commentators, Bill O'Reilly, suggested that Americans vent their outrage by boycotting French goods.”

Yes, even as countless bottles of French Bordeaux were being poured down drains across America, and French fries were being rebranded 'Freedom fries,' the French, the so-called "cheese-eating surrender monkeys," had seized the moral highground from the self-righteous Americans by refusing to swallow fake news. At the same time, the US media, behaving more like a government mouthpiece than the glorious fourth estate, either ‘dropped the ball’ or executed their duties wonderfully, depending on who you ask.

Serving as town crier for the military industrial complex, the New York Times largely relied on just one source, and a Pentagon source at that – the late Iraqi opposition leader Ahmed Chalabi – to sell the fake story that Hussein was stockpiling a noxious horde of weapons that it would sooner - 45 minutes in the case of the Blair's Britain, a sexed-up dossier warned - or later launch against an unsuspecting planet. 

As it turned out, Chalabi's information was wrong, tragically wrong. 

Only after US boots were on the ground in Iraq, however, did the hand-wringing, apologetic articles begin to come out of the woodwork.

Yet the apologies never sounded terribly sincere.

"I was wrong because my sources were wrong," shrugged former New York Times reporter Judith Miller, whose front-page series on Iraqi WMDs largely provided the false pretext for war.

“Not until September 29, 2003… did The New York Times get around to informing readers about the controversy over Chalabi and the defectors associated with him,”wrote Michael Massing in the New York Review of Books. “In a front-page article... Douglas Jehl reported that a study by the Defense Intelligence Agency had found that most of the information provided by defectors connected to Ahmed Chalabi “was of little or no value.”

The consequences resulting from CNN, New York Times, "mainstream media" fake news warmongering lies during Iraq, Afghan wars for which they will be held responsible and accountable individually and collectively

Yet another American war sold on the slippery foundation of fake news. And despite the teary-eyed claims that the US media has “learned its lesson” over the Iraq debacle, the cheer-leading on behalf of war continued with the invasions of Libya and, yet again, in Syria (where one opinionator actually had the gall to slam the US and UK over its "disastrous nonintervention"in that embattled country).

Fake news has real consequences.

This news bureau contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc.  We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.



The real truth on 9/11 slowly continues to bleed out

Technical experts are mounting major challenges to official U.S. government accounts of how three World Trade Center skyscrapers collapsed in near-freefall after the 9/11 attacks 15 years ago.

Many researchers are focusing especially on the little-known collapse of



The Geopolitics Of The United States, Part 1: The Inevitable Empire

The Empire and the inevitable fall of the Obama criminal regime

STRATFOR Editor’s Note: This installment on the United States, presented in two parts, is the 16th in a series of STRATFOR monographs on the geopolitics of countries influential in world affairs.

Like nearly all of the peoples of North and South America, most Americans are not originally from the territory that became the United States.



Geopolitics Of The United States Part 2: American Identity And The Threats of Tomorrow

A look back at 2011 predictions for the future in order to put events of today into perspective

 photo capitalism_zpsah78uy5p.jpg
We have already discussed in the first part of this analysis how the American geography dooms whoever controls the territory to being a global power, but there are a number of other outcomes that shape what that power will be like. The first and most critical is the impact of that geography on the American mindset.



By Robert S. Finnegan

This e-mail outlines and confirms the acts of espionage against Indonesia and Indonesians by Akiko Makino and the others involved both in Kobe University and in AI Lab at University of Airlangga, Surabaya; Bahasa Indonesia original follows English translation...



UPDATED 01/07/2015 : New Analysis Challenges Tamiflu Efficacy; Hong Kong Corona Virus Outbreak


 photo TAMIFLU_small_zpssojx6okt.jpg

Obama criminals now resulting to biowarfare in quest to destroy Chinese and ASEAN economy; "novel virus substrain" points directly to a Kawaoka / Fouchier / Ernala-Ginting Kobe lab virus weaponized and genetically altered to specifically target and infect the Asian population: Ribavirin...



 photo WHO02_zpsplmhtlpr.jpg
The 5th Estate has just purchased a library on H5N1 "Novel" virus pandemics, there are dozens of PDF and Exel documents we feel will assist you in saving lives following intentional releases of the H5N1 and now MERS viruses; we will begin by printing those that appear to be extremely relevant here: H5N1 Kobe-Kawaoka-Ernala series continues soon with more "Smoking Gun" e-mails from Teridah Ernala to The 5th Estate . . .



By Robert S. Finnegan

On October 12, 2002 the Indonesian island of Bali experienced a terrorist attack that rocked the world. It was unquestionably well-coordinated and executed, the largest in the country's history.