Sunday, December 18, 2011

Kapal Tenggelam Membawa 250 Imigran Afganistan dan Iran

War or economic refugees?


TEMPO
12/18/2011

TEMPO.CO, SURABAYA-

Kapal boat yang tenggelam di perairan Prigi, Jawa Timur membawa sekitar 250 orang warga Afganistan dan Iran menuju Pulau Chrismas, Australia kemarin malam. Operasi penyelamatan para imigran yang bermaksud menyelundup masuk ke Australia lewat Indonesia terus dilakukan.

Petugas regu penyelamat dari Kabupaten Trenggalek, Jawa Timur mengatakan, nelayan dan petugas penyelamat telah menemukan 33 orang, 30 laki-laki, seorang perempuan dan dua anak-anak, yang terapung-apung di laut akibat kapal mereka dihantam gelombang setinggi lima meter. Kapal saat itu sudah meninggalkan pantai Prigi sejauh sekitar 74 kilometer. 

Rescue boat crews assist survivors
“Saya merasakan air menyentuh kaki saya dan saya terbangun. Saat kapal tenggelam, orang-orang paik dan berteriak dan berusaha keluar,” ujar Armaghan Haidar, 17 tahun, warga negara Afganistan yang selamat, Minggu (18 Desember 2011).

Ia berusaha berenang dan berpegangan dengan badan kapal bersama 100 penumpang kapal lainnya. “Sekitar 20-30 orang menggunakan pelampung namun 100 lainnya terjebak didalam kapal,” ujarnya.

Juru bicara pemerintah Kabupaten Trenggalek, Yoso Mihardi mengatakan, kapal kelebihan muatan. Kapal itu berkapasitan 100 orang namun ditemukan ada 250 orang penumpang.

Setiap tahun, ribuan orang menuju negara-negara Asia Tenggara untuk menyelundup masuk ke Australia. Mereka memiliki jaringan dengan para penyelundup di Indonesia dengan situasi laut yang berbahaya.

Menurut seorang petugas penyelamat Kelik Purwanto, para imigran yang selamat mengaku diminta untuk membayar agen penyelundup sebesar US$ 2.500 hingga US$ 5.000 untuk masuk ke Australia.“Menurut pengakuan mereka, mereka terbang dari Dubai ke Jakarta dan naik bus ke satu lokasi yang tak diketahui di Jawa untuk naik kapal laut. Mereka menuju Pulau Christmas,” kata Purwanto.Australia menyebut peristiwa ini sebagai tragedi memprihatikan, namun sejumlah aktivis menuding kebijakan pengungsi Canberra ikut bertanggung jawab. Namun Clare mengatakan, fokus pemerintah saat ini pada pencarian dan penyelamatan korban kapal tenggelam. “Pikiran kita hari ini pada orang-orang yang tewas dan keluarga mereka yang masih hilang di laut,” ujarnya.

Australia dinilai telah gagal untuk membentuk satu pusat penanganan para pencari suaka bekerja sama dengan negara-negara tetangganya. Canberra justru membuat usulan kebijakan untuk memulangkan sekitar 800 pencari suaka yang datang dengan menggunakan jalur laut ke Malaysia. Sebagai gantinya, Australi menerima 4.000 pencari suaka yang terdaftar resmi di Malaysia. Namun, Pengadilan Tinggi Australia pada Agustus lalu menolak usulan kebijakan itu .

Lebih ari 5.500 orang yang kini berada di pusat tahanan imigran di Australia dan sejumlah kapal telah mendarat di Australia pada November lalu dengan membawa hampir 900 imigran. Dan, bulan ini sudah ada sedikitnya sembilan kapal tiba di perairan laut Australia membawa para imigran. 









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