Google+ Badge

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Fracking Waste Contaminates Pennsylvania Watershed With Radioactive Material

CNN fake news, MSM cover for oil company criminal rape and destruction as crude prices plunge    

RT
07/13/2017

Stream sediments in Pennsylvania downstream from two fracking wastewater treatment facilities were found to contain radioactive material and carcinogens, according to study scientists from Penn State, Colorado State and Dartmouth universities.


The study’s findings, published Thursday, came after Penn State’s Bill Burgos and his fellow scientists sought to discover what had been the effect of the strategy of treating and releasing fracking wastewater, according to the Independent.

They sampled sediments and groundwater from the Conemaugh River water, downstream from two facilities that were created to make the water used in the fracking process fit for release into the environment.


“Isotopic ratios of 226Ra/228Ra and 87Sr/86Sr identified that peak concentrations of Ra and Sr were likely sourced from wastewaters that originated from the Marcellus Shale formation,” according to the study Watershed-Scale Impacts for Surface Water Disposal of Oil and Gas Wastewater in Western Pennsylvania.

Their analysis detected peak concentrations of radium, chloride, barium, strontium, radium and organic compounds in Conemaugh River watershed. The two major classes of organic contaminants included nonylphenol ethoxylates, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, known carcinogens.

When scientists examined steam sediments in Blacklick Creek, just downstream from one treatment plant, it was found to contain about 200 times the level of radium found upstream of the plant.


New testing of treated wastewater from fracking shows that it contains high levels of radioactive radium, along with chloride and bromide. Image via Environmental Science and Technology/Warner et. al.

The highest concentration of radium was just 14 percent below the level at which it would have to be treated as radioactive waste in some US states.

“Despite several other sources of contaminants such as coal bed methane, coal mine drainage, and flue gas desulfurization releases that can impact surface water quality, we document multiple lines of evidence that indicate the legacy of unconventional oil-and-gas wastewater disposal has impacted stream sediments and porewater (groundwater) on a watershed scale,”wrote Burgos in the study, published in ACS’s journal Environmental Science & Technology.

The highest toxic concentrations coincided with sediment layers deposited five to 10 years ago during a peak period of fracking wastewater disposal, Burgos said. Elevated levels of radium were also found as far as 12 miles downstream of the treatment plants.


Pennsylvania watershed contaminated with radioactive material and endocrine-disrupting chemicals

The US is experiencing an oil and gas boom from exploiting its natural resources through fracking, but in doing so is creating billions of gallons of wastewater that are hard to contain and hard to treat.

Fracking involves forcing under high pressure water and other substances, which can include radioactive ones, into cracks in porous rocks that contain fossil fuels.

The report estimates that in 2015 there were 10,000 unconventional oil and gas wells in the Marcellus Shale, which produced 1.7 billion gallons of wastewater. The facilities that collect the water provide only limited treatment before releasing it into surface waters, according to Science Daily.




The Marcellus Shale is a geology seam which stretches from Southern New York to Virginia and is claimed by the fossil fuel industry to have rich deposits of natural gas and oil.

Burgos said risks posed by the pollutants in the sediment and groundwater “are difficult to assess,”and the watershed is not used as a public source of drinking water.

The potential risks associated with this contamination are unknown, the researchers said, but they recommended tighter regulations of wastewater disposal could help the environmental and human health.




Elsewhere in Pennsylvania, 12 families in West Whiteland and Uwchlan townships reported contaminated well water in Chester County, causing Sunoco Pipeline LP to temporarily halt construction of the its Mariner East 2 pipeline last Friday.

The Mariner East 2 pipeline will carry natural gas from Ohio and the Marcellus Shale fields to a terminal in Marcus Hook, Delaware County.

Although most of the 350-mile pipeline is being built in a trench near the surface, Sunoco is using horizontal drilling methods to install the pipeline through densely populated areas of Chester and Delaware counties.

Five families with contaminated water were moved to local hotels after alerting the company and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) about the water problem. Other families were given filtration supplies and bottled water. 


Treatment plants accused of illegally discharging radioactive fracking wastewater

Sunoco tested the private wells to determine if its horizontal drilling caused the murky water by introducing bentonite clay into water supplies. Results of those tests have not been made available so far.

“Our concern is to make sure that our residents have a permanent solution to this so it doesn’t recur,”said George Turner, a township supervisor, the Philadelphia Inquirer reported.

Officials in West Whiteland are asking Sunoco to cover the costs of connecting a dozen homes to the public water system so that they are no longer affected by the company’s drilling. Some residents don’t favor the plan.

“If I have to hook up to city water, they should have to pay my water bills for the rest of my life,”Benjamin Eckert, a homeowner, told the Philadelphia Inquirer. “We had a perfectly good well.”



This news bureau contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc.  We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ANDREW KREIG: EXPERTS REJECT FIRE AS CAUSE FOR 9/11 WTC COLLAPSES

The real truth on 9/11 slowly continues to bleed out

 photo
Technical experts are mounting major challenges to official U.S. government accounts of how three World Trade Center skyscrapers collapsed in near-freefall after the 9/11 attacks 15 years ago.

Many researchers are focusing especially on the little-known collapse of

READ MORE >>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Geopolitics Of The United States, Part 1: The Inevitable Empire

The Empire and the inevitable fall of the Obama criminal regime

 photo
STRATFOR Editor’s Note: This installment on the United States, presented in two parts, is the 16th in a series of STRATFOR monographs on the geopolitics of countries influential in world affairs.

Like nearly all of the peoples of North and South America, most Americans are not originally from the territory that became the United States.

READ MORE >>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Geopolitics Of The United States Part 2: American Identity And The Threats of Tomorrow

A look back at 2011 predictions for the future in order to put events of today into perspective

 photo capitalism_zpsah78uy5p.jpg
We have already discussed in the first part of this analysis how the American geography dooms whoever controls the territory to being a global power, but there are a number of other outcomes that shape what that power will be like. The first and most critical is the impact of that geography on the American mindset.

READ MORE >>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


By Robert S. Finnegan

This e-mail outlines and confirms the acts of espionage against Indonesia and Indonesians by Akiko Makino and the others involved both in Kobe University and in AI Lab at University of Airlangga, Surabaya; Bahasa Indonesia original follows English translation...

READ MORE >>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

UPDATED 01/07/2015 : New Analysis Challenges Tamiflu Efficacy; Hong Kong Corona Virus Outbreak

UPDATED 01/07/2015 : FOX NEWS CORPORATE PHARMA SHILL MEGAN KELLY AND FOX NEWS QUACK DOCTOR NOW PUSHING TAMIFLU FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN;

 photo TAMIFLU_small_zpssojx6okt.jpg
THE 5TH ESTATE UNEQUIVOCALLY WARNS THE PUBLIC NOT TO TAKE OR GIVE THIS PROVEN DANGEROUS, INEFFECTIVE DRUG TO ANYONE

Obama criminals now resulting to biowarfare in quest to destroy Chinese and ASEAN economy; "novel virus substrain" points directly to a Kawaoka / Fouchier / Ernala-Ginting Kobe lab virus weaponized and genetically altered to specifically target and infect the Asian population: Ribavirin...

READ MORE >>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 photo WHO02_zpsplmhtlpr.jpg
The 5th Estate has just purchased a library on H5N1 "Novel" virus pandemics, there are dozens of PDF and Exel documents we feel will assist you in saving lives following intentional releases of the H5N1 and now MERS viruses; we will begin by printing those that appear to be extremely relevant here: H5N1 Kobe-Kawaoka-Ernala series continues soon with more "Smoking Gun" e-mails from Teridah Ernala to The 5th Estate . . .

READ MORE >>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


By Robert S. Finnegan

On October 12, 2002 the Indonesian island of Bali experienced a terrorist attack that rocked the world. It was unquestionably well-coordinated and executed, the largest in the country's history.

READ MORE >>