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Sunday, March 22, 2015

THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL LANDSCAPE OF EXTRAORDINARY RENDITION

The time has now come for full disclosure of CIA torture, "rendition" atrocities and the prosecution of all involved 

University Of North Carolina School Of Law
By Paula Kweskin, Taiyyaba Qureshi & Marianne Twu
03/15/2006

INTRODUCTION 

The C.I.A.’s original rendition program was first developed in the 1990s under the Clinton administration as a way to break down the terrorist network known as Al-Qaeda and to capture senior Al-Qaeda officials. At the outset, the rendition program was designed to satisfy U.S. legal obligations by providing adequate legal process for those suspects who were captured and detained. Suspects were rendered only to countries that could provide assurances to the United States that the suspects would be treated in accordance to that country’s laws.1 


After September 11, 2001, the C.I.A. significantly shifted the purpose of the rendition program to the “war on terror,” and began aggressively implementing policies for the purpose of gathering intelligence. 

The most significant change in the rendition program post 9/11 was the C.I.A.’s decision to render individuals to clandestine detention sites around the world known as C.I.A. “black sites.”2 




Suspected terrorists were transferred from overseas U.S. bases in Iraq and Afghanistan, but many were also apprehended by officials directly off the streets as they were traveling in these countries. Thus, the focus of the post-9/11 rendition program became the capture, detention and interrogation of suspected terrorists outside the reach of federal and international laws prohibiting such treatment.3 Investigative journalists and human rights organizations have termed these extralegal post 9/11 C.I.A. renditions “extraordinary rendition.”4 It is difficult to know exactly how many people have been extraordinarily renderedbecause the program is veiled in secrecy and the U.S government remains tight-lipped about the extent of its involvement. 




In order to carry out these extraordinary rendition operations, the C.I.A. utilized private companies to handle aeronautical planning, to supply flight crews, and to supply the aircraft.

One such company was Aero Contractors, Ltd. (Aero), a company based in Smithfield, North Carolina that operates aircraft out of Johnston County Airport.5 Through the work of plane spotters, investigators and journalists, and the analysis of flight records, two specific Aero- operated planes have been linked to extraordinary rendition flights to black sites around the world in the period between 2001 and 2006: the aircraft with the tail number N313P and the aircraft with the tail number N379P.6.




Although these tail numbers have since been changed, but investigations reveal that these Aero-operated planes were used in the extraordinary rendition and torture of four specific individuals: Binyam Mohamed, Bisher Al-Raqi, Khaled El-Masri and Abou Elkassim Britel.7

These four individuals are British, Ethiopian, German and Italian citizens, businessmen and vacationers, and their stories reflect the circumstances under which individuals are apprehended, captured and then extraordinarily rendered.




Scholars and activists in the international community decry the practice of extraordinary rendition and the torture of detainees as violations of a host of international laws and treaties to which the United States has agreed to abide.

The U.S. government, however, asserts that these international treaties and laws do not apply. This policy paper focuses on three particular international legal norms: The Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention AgainstTorture, and the Nuremberg Principles, selected because the United States is a party to both the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention Against Torture, and thus has freely assumed obligations under those treaties, and the Nuremberg Principles because the United States was a leader in its creation after WWII.




This paper seeks to highlight the provisions of these treaties and principles that are most relevant to extraordinary rendition, and to reveal the obligations of the United States under these norms. Further, this paper hopes to narrow the impact of extraordinary rendition and torture from an issue of international concern to an issue of local and regional importance. Through Aero Contractors, North Carolina was directly involved in the extraordinary renditions of Binyam Mohamed, Abou Elkassim Britel, Khaled El-Masri and Bisher Al-Rawi. This involvement calls for accountability by not only the governments and officials of North Carolina complicit in carrying out extraordinary rendition, but also those who call themselves citizens of Johnston County, North Carolina, and the world.

Read the full report PDF HERE.




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ANDREW KREIG: EXPERTS REJECT FIRE AS CAUSE FOR 9/11 WTC COLLAPSES

The real truth on 9/11 slowly continues to bleed out

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Technical experts are mounting major challenges to official U.S. government accounts of how three World Trade Center skyscrapers collapsed in near-freefall after the 9/11 attacks 15 years ago.

Many researchers are focusing especially on the little-known collapse of

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The Geopolitics Of The United States, Part 1: The Inevitable Empire

The Empire and the inevitable fall of the Obama criminal regime

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STRATFOR Editor’s Note: This installment on the United States, presented in two parts, is the 16th in a series of STRATFOR monographs on the geopolitics of countries influential in world affairs.

Like nearly all of the peoples of North and South America, most Americans are not originally from the territory that became the United States.

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Geopolitics Of The United States Part 2: American Identity And The Threats of Tomorrow

A look back at 2011 predictions for the future in order to put events of today into perspective

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We have already discussed in the first part of this analysis how the American geography dooms whoever controls the territory to being a global power, but there are a number of other outcomes that shape what that power will be like. The first and most critical is the impact of that geography on the American mindset.

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By Robert S. Finnegan

This e-mail outlines and confirms the acts of espionage against Indonesia and Indonesians by Akiko Makino and the others involved both in Kobe University and in AI Lab at University of Airlangga, Surabaya; Bahasa Indonesia original follows English translation...

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UPDATED 01/07/2015 : New Analysis Challenges Tamiflu Efficacy; Hong Kong Corona Virus Outbreak

UPDATED 01/07/2015 : FOX NEWS CORPORATE PHARMA SHILL MEGAN KELLY AND FOX NEWS QUACK DOCTOR NOW PUSHING TAMIFLU FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN;

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THE 5TH ESTATE UNEQUIVOCALLY WARNS THE PUBLIC NOT TO TAKE OR GIVE THIS PROVEN DANGEROUS, INEFFECTIVE DRUG TO ANYONE

Obama criminals now resulting to biowarfare in quest to destroy Chinese and ASEAN economy; "novel virus substrain" points directly to a Kawaoka / Fouchier / Ernala-Ginting Kobe lab virus weaponized and genetically altered to specifically target and infect the Asian population: Ribavirin...

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The 5th Estate has just purchased a library on H5N1 "Novel" virus pandemics, there are dozens of PDF and Exel documents we feel will assist you in saving lives following intentional releases of the H5N1 and now MERS viruses; we will begin by printing those that appear to be extremely relevant here: H5N1 Kobe-Kawaoka-Ernala series continues soon with more "Smoking Gun" e-mails from Teridah Ernala to The 5th Estate . . .

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By Robert S. Finnegan

On October 12, 2002 the Indonesian island of Bali experienced a terrorist attack that rocked the world. It was unquestionably well-coordinated and executed, the largest in the country's history.

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