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Thursday, February 05, 2015

California Measles Outbreak : Parents Skip Vaccines For Many Reasons

"Mainstream media" corporate pro-vaccination propagandists and shills will this time around be held personally responsible and accountable for vaccination deaths, exploding autism cases in children

THE WASHINGTON POST
By Elena Conis
02/02/2015

In the panic over measles’ spread in California and beyond, the public has been quick to blame vaccine refusers concentrated in wealthy, educated communities for being too ignorant to realize that measles can be a serious disease.


Measles virus
This charge, however, ignores the history of measles. It’s an intractable disease that, despite decades of vaccination, rebuffs our best efforts at elimination. And each time it flares up, its resurgence points out unresolved tensions between this country’s “haves” and “have-nots.” When the first measles vaccine was released in 1963, vaccine developers and health officials were optimistic that it would be as widely used as the polio vaccine, which parents scrambled for when it first came out in the mid-1950s.


But within just a few years, it was clear that only some segments of the population sought the new vaccine: predominantly white, middle- to upper-class families.

As a result, a California epidemiologist noted at the time, measles became “a disease of the Negro population and the population with Spanish surnames.” Across the country, measles began to cluster in poor urban areas. And as the decade progressed, the pattern only worsened.




When the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced a campaign to eradicate measles domestically via vaccination by the end of 1967, class disparities in measles infection rates provided part of the impetus. But the campaign, perhaps inadvertently, played to white, middle-class fears of diseases emanating from the “slums.” One cartoon depicted measles as a red-faced, yellow-eyed fiend who popped out of metal garbage cans left on the sidewalk and climbed through school windows to menace white children.


Nonetheless, the number of measles cases declined dramatically. 

But at the end of the 1960s they ticked up again. 

They were once again concentrated in urban "ghettos" and central city indigent areas. 


And blame for measles’ persistence was often placed squarely on the poor; on their purported ignorance of the disease, on their lifestyles, even on their living conditions in new urban high-rise apartments, where tight quarters fueled the disease’s spread.




Laws requiring measles and other vaccines for school were adopted in the early 1970s, in part because they promised to address class disparities. As a CDC immunization official noted, “To reach the single preschool child in the slum is difficult, but to mount a campaign to attain really high levels of immunization in … school should be relatively easy.” And it was. President Jimmy Carter’s administration announced a renewed campaign to eliminate measles later that decade. By 1980, 96 percent of all children were vaccinated against measles and cases fell to an all-time low in 1981.


But by the end of the 1980s, measles again climbed to epidemic heights. And again cases concentrated among minority children in inner cities. President George H.W. Bush proposed tying welfare payments to children’s vaccination status; the outbreaks, in this view, were a matter of personal responsibility. Democrats, meanwhile, tied the outbreaks to a health-care system that shut out the nation’s poor.


New federal funds for vaccinating poor and uninsured children drove measles rates way down in the 1990s. 

In 2000, the CDC declared the disease "eliminated”: measles still occurred, but only when brought into the United States from abroad. 




In recent years, however, the size of measles outbreaks has grown, as has the number of cases coming in from outside the country.

As in the past, today’s vitriolic rhetoric around the causes of measles’ returntells us something about class relations in our own time. 




Blaming purportedly selfish upper-middle class families reflects a collective cultural discomfort with the wealthy’s increasing ability to opt out of shared responsibility for community welfare.

But as we focus on the alleged selfishness of wealthy, overeducated vaccine skeptics, other factors at the root of the outbreak are, as in the past, getting lost in the conversation. 




Parents avoid or delay children’s vaccines for an array of reasons: poverty, other challenges accessing health care, medical reasons, religious beliefs and an ever-expanding list of required vaccines. 


Parental acceptance of some immunizations has eroded in recent decades precisely because the overall number of vaccines and vaccine doses required for children has grown to historically unprecedented levels.


We need to acknowledge these factors — just as we need to recognize that our vaccination debates continue to thinly veil class anxieties deeply rooted in our history.


Should concerned parents believe a known pedophile and corporate pro-vaccination "news" fraud that tells them vaccinations are "safe" for their children?


Elena Conis is an assistant professor of history at Emory University in Atlanta and the author of "Vaccine Nation."




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ANDREW KREIG: EXPERTS REJECT FIRE AS CAUSE FOR 9/11 WTC COLLAPSES

The real truth on 9/11 slowly continues to bleed out

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Technical experts are mounting major challenges to official U.S. government accounts of how three World Trade Center skyscrapers collapsed in near-freefall after the 9/11 attacks 15 years ago.

Many researchers are focusing especially on the little-known collapse of

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The Geopolitics Of The United States, Part 1: The Inevitable Empire

The Empire and the inevitable fall of the Obama criminal regime

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STRATFOR Editor’s Note: This installment on the United States, presented in two parts, is the 16th in a series of STRATFOR monographs on the geopolitics of countries influential in world affairs.

Like nearly all of the peoples of North and South America, most Americans are not originally from the territory that became the United States.

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Geopolitics Of The United States Part 2: American Identity And The Threats of Tomorrow

A look back at 2011 predictions for the future in order to put events of today into perspective

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We have already discussed in the first part of this analysis how the American geography dooms whoever controls the territory to being a global power, but there are a number of other outcomes that shape what that power will be like. The first and most critical is the impact of that geography on the American mindset.

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By Robert S. Finnegan

This e-mail outlines and confirms the acts of espionage against Indonesia and Indonesians by Akiko Makino and the others involved both in Kobe University and in AI Lab at University of Airlangga, Surabaya; Bahasa Indonesia original follows English translation...

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UPDATED 01/07/2015 : New Analysis Challenges Tamiflu Efficacy; Hong Kong Corona Virus Outbreak

UPDATED 01/07/2015 : FOX NEWS CORPORATE PHARMA SHILL MEGAN KELLY AND FOX NEWS QUACK DOCTOR NOW PUSHING TAMIFLU FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN;

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THE 5TH ESTATE UNEQUIVOCALLY WARNS THE PUBLIC NOT TO TAKE OR GIVE THIS PROVEN DANGEROUS, INEFFECTIVE DRUG TO ANYONE

Obama criminals now resulting to biowarfare in quest to destroy Chinese and ASEAN economy; "novel virus substrain" points directly to a Kawaoka / Fouchier / Ernala-Ginting Kobe lab virus weaponized and genetically altered to specifically target and infect the Asian population: Ribavirin...

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The 5th Estate has just purchased a library on H5N1 "Novel" virus pandemics, there are dozens of PDF and Exel documents we feel will assist you in saving lives following intentional releases of the H5N1 and now MERS viruses; we will begin by printing those that appear to be extremely relevant here: H5N1 Kobe-Kawaoka-Ernala series continues soon with more "Smoking Gun" e-mails from Teridah Ernala to The 5th Estate . . .

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By Robert S. Finnegan

On October 12, 2002 the Indonesian island of Bali experienced a terrorist attack that rocked the world. It was unquestionably well-coordinated and executed, the largest in the country's history.

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