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Saturday, October 20, 2012

Drug-Resistant Superbugs Found in Wild Animals : MRSA Flesh Eating Bacteria Present in Animal Populations

Having failed to infect humans fast enough for eugenicists, CDC, WHO, virus weaponizers find new and improved vector - this will threaten those that hunt to survive forcing them to eat GM frankenfoods or starve - will fish be next?

Wired Science
By Jill Adams of Science Now
10/19/2012

One of the most notorious and hard-to-treat bacteria in humans has been found in wildlife, according to a new study in the Journal of Wildlife Diseases. The researchers isolated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in two rabbits and a shorebird. Wild animals may act as an environmental reservoir for the disease from which humans could get infected.


MRSA
S. aureus can cause skin infections or, if it gets into the bloodstream, life-threatening illness. Most infections are easy to manage with penicillin and related antibiotics, but MRSA, the resistant variety, is on the rise; also known as a “superbug,” it kills an estimated 18,000 Americans a year. In most cases, people contract the bacterium from a hospital stay. Hospitals are breeding grounds for antibiotic-resistant organisms, because patients are treated with a wide variety of antimicrobial drugs, prompting pathogens to develop defenses.

It’s been clear for more than a decade, however, that people can catch MRSA strains outside of the hospital as well; researchers call these “community-associated” strains. For instance, pigs on livestock farms have been found harboring the bug, likely because farmers give antibiotics to food animals as they grow, another way of encouraging resistance to evolve. Other studies have found MRSA in pets and zoo animals; they may have been infected by human caretakers.


Hungry?  Broke?  Fancy a ground squirrel stew?  You may have to think twice now

Now it appears that even animals in the wild can be infected with MRSA. Researchers led by epidemiologist Tara Smith of the University of Iowa’s College of Public Health in Iowa City took samples from 114 animals that came into the Wildlife Care Clinic, which rehabilitates injured or orphaned animals, at Iowa State University in Ames. Seven of the animals, or 6.1%, carried S. aureus that was sensitive to methicillin; these included owls, pigeons, a beaver, a heron, and a squirrel. Three animals, or 2.6%, carried MRSA: two Eastern cottontail rabbits and a lesser yellowlegs, a migratory shorebird. (For comparison’s sake: An estimated 1.5% of Americans carry MRSA in their noses.)

A big question is how these species came to carry MRSA. “This is really, really hard to do—to understand the source, especially with something like migratory birds,” says Jorge Ferreira, a veterinarian and epidemiologist working as a consultant in Switzerland who has studied the presence of MRSA on humans and their pets. Presumably, the infected animals have never received antibiotics, he notes, so they must have picked up the bugs directly from their environment.


Too broke for that Christmas turkey and want to substitute duck or geese for the kid's sake?  Maybe not

Molecular typing of the isolates showed that the shorebird carried a hospital-associated strain of MRSA while the rabbits had community-associated strains. The rabbits’ MRSA was also resistant to tetracycline, which Smith says is common in farm animals.

Perhaps most troubling of all was that one of the pigeons carried a Staphylococcus bacterium that, while still sensitive to methicillin, was resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin. “Vancomycin is used as a last resort in MRSA infections,” says study co-author Shylo Wardyn, a research assistant in Smith’s lab, and vancomycin-resistant staph strains are rare in humans.


Are primates next?

Whether wild animals represent a reservoir of MRSA in the environment—that is, whether they could spread the superbugs to other animals and humans—is an open question, Smith says. The infections could be “spillover events” from humans, caused by hospital waste, sewage, or farming, that pose no wider threat. It’s also not clear if the animals can rid themselves of the infection, if they can be infected multiple times, or if they have ever passed their infection back to humans.

Ferreira’s work suggests that dogs and their owners can pass MRSA back and forth, and wildlife is a well-known source of other human infections, as with deer and Lyme disease, and mice and hantavirus. While such evidence is suggestive, there’s a lot more work to be done to show whether humans can get infected with MRSA from wild animals.

This story provided by ScienceNOW, the daily online news service of the journal Science.



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ANDREW KREIG: EXPERTS REJECT FIRE AS CAUSE FOR 9/11 WTC COLLAPSES

The real truth on 9/11 slowly continues to bleed out

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Technical experts are mounting major challenges to official U.S. government accounts of how three World Trade Center skyscrapers collapsed in near-freefall after the 9/11 attacks 15 years ago.

Many researchers are focusing especially on the little-known collapse of

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The Geopolitics Of The United States, Part 1: The Inevitable Empire

The Empire and the inevitable fall of the Obama criminal regime

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STRATFOR Editor’s Note: This installment on the United States, presented in two parts, is the 16th in a series of STRATFOR monographs on the geopolitics of countries influential in world affairs.

Like nearly all of the peoples of North and South America, most Americans are not originally from the territory that became the United States.

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Geopolitics Of The United States Part 2: American Identity And The Threats of Tomorrow

A look back at 2011 predictions for the future in order to put events of today into perspective

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We have already discussed in the first part of this analysis how the American geography dooms whoever controls the territory to being a global power, but there are a number of other outcomes that shape what that power will be like. The first and most critical is the impact of that geography on the American mindset.

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By Robert S. Finnegan

This e-mail outlines and confirms the acts of espionage against Indonesia and Indonesians by Akiko Makino and the others involved both in Kobe University and in AI Lab at University of Airlangga, Surabaya; Bahasa Indonesia original follows English translation...

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UPDATED 01/07/2015 : New Analysis Challenges Tamiflu Efficacy; Hong Kong Corona Virus Outbreak

UPDATED 01/07/2015 : FOX NEWS CORPORATE PHARMA SHILL MEGAN KELLY AND FOX NEWS QUACK DOCTOR NOW PUSHING TAMIFLU FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN;

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THE 5TH ESTATE UNEQUIVOCALLY WARNS THE PUBLIC NOT TO TAKE OR GIVE THIS PROVEN DANGEROUS, INEFFECTIVE DRUG TO ANYONE

Obama criminals now resulting to biowarfare in quest to destroy Chinese and ASEAN economy; "novel virus substrain" points directly to a Kawaoka / Fouchier / Ernala-Ginting Kobe lab virus weaponized and genetically altered to specifically target and infect the Asian population: Ribavirin...

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The 5th Estate has just purchased a library on H5N1 "Novel" virus pandemics, there are dozens of PDF and Exel documents we feel will assist you in saving lives following intentional releases of the H5N1 and now MERS viruses; we will begin by printing those that appear to be extremely relevant here: H5N1 Kobe-Kawaoka-Ernala series continues soon with more "Smoking Gun" e-mails from Teridah Ernala to The 5th Estate . . .

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By Robert S. Finnegan

On October 12, 2002 the Indonesian island of Bali experienced a terrorist attack that rocked the world. It was unquestionably well-coordinated and executed, the largest in the country's history.

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